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It is that kind of faith to which Yahweh through Haggai is calling these people. He is calling them to repent—to face in the opposite direction. The people are discouraged—he is calling them to take courage. They have become hopeless—he is calling them to be hopeful. They are fearful—he is calling them to be faithful.

They see only darkness—he is calling them to face the light.

What promise did Yahweh make to Moses? Other than that promise, Moses had no hope. No oratory would persuade pharaoh to let the Israelites go. Moses had no army to force the issue. If they will only believe the promise that Yahweh is with them, their faith will enable them to set aside their fears.

The precious things Hebrew: hemdat of all nations will come, and I will fill this house with glory Hebrew: kabod , says Yahweh of Armies. The shaking that Yahweh promises could be a literal earthquake or the earthquake image could be a metaphor for some sort of political upheaval. The word goyim implies foreign nations—gentiles. Yahweh is promising to shake things up so that goyim will bring treasures to furnish the temple. This will be fulfilled through the agencies of Cyrus and Darius, two kings of Persia, who will provide the resources required for rebuilding the temple Ezra ; ; The natural meaning of this verse in this context is that Yahweh will shake the nations to bring to Jerusalem the treasures required for building the temple.

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The beginnings of the fulfillment of this promise are recorded in Ezra God also promises that the day will come when his glory will fill all the earth Numbers In this verse, kabod could be intended to refer to the physical beauty of the building. That would be appropriate for the context, because a concern for the physical beauty of the building and its furnishings is the subject at hand in our scripture lesson.

Yahweh created all things, and all things belong to him. He can provide gold, silver, and anything that is needed for the work that he has called these people to do. They need only to trust him to provide for their needs. However, that will not turn out to be true—at least until much later, if at all. Once Herod finishes his expansion of the temple, it will be quite grand—but that will be centuries in the future. But the ultimate fulfillment of this verse is eschatological having to do with last things—the end of time.


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In a grand vision, this is what John saw:. The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. The nations will walk in its light. The kings of the earth bring the glory and honor of the nations into it. This conviction, rooted in the eschatological vision of both prophets, is re-encountered in the different New Testament traditions.

Right at the end of the apostle Paul's stirring chapter on eschatological hope 1 Cor 15 he admonishes his readers to stand firm in the present age, where what is perishable and mortal rules supreme under the authority of the already-defeated enemy, Death, who, however, still prowls around as a roaring lion 1 Pt But in this present age they have to be unmoveable in their hope on the final advent of Jesus Christ, giving, therefore, themselves fully in the work of the Lord in the knowledge that their labour in the Lord is not in vain 1 Cor Sanctified by the Spirit, they live their lives in the presence of their King 1 Th , waiting with impatient patience for his last advent, when he will hand back his kingly rule to his Father 1 Cor , their hope and expectation controling their words and actions 1 Th In Revelation God's people are encouraged by the saying that their deeds will follow them into the age of peace to come.

Christians have to stand positively in this world 1 Tm The Christian activities mentioned in these eschatological sayings are often small-scale, not aiming at Christian empire building, Christianising cultures, baptising secular concepts of the makeability of the world as happened in the Liberation theology of the s cf.

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Schwarz The age of peace to come will not be ushered in by the sanctified fellow workers of Jesus Christ 2 Cor ; they will rather be its recipients, only anticipating proleptically in the present age the peace to come, brought about by God himself. Jesus comprehensively summarised Christian life and work in the interim in all its aspects with the term 'witnessing to him'. Lastly, the promise of providential care we may hope for in the turbulent times ahead Mt 24 , before the final advent of the Son of Man, is confirmed in all tradition streams of the New Testament Schwarz With reason we today turn to the church, that is the body of Christ, in whom God fully dwells, the temple of the Spirit, Who is the driving force behind the ministries of the church, where he equips the people for service within and without 1 Cor The church as ecclesia adorans is united with Christ in its liturgical worship, where God speaks to his people through his Word, and where at the Lord's table the Eucharist the past, present and future of redemptive history are celebrated in commemoration of Christ's ministry on earth 1 Cor The eschatological hope of the church is sustained right here Wielenga a , where God's people taste in the elements of bread and wine the promised peace in communion with their crucified Lord.

Just as in his presence at his table the break with the past in repentance becomes visible 1 Cor ; , the commitment in the present to Christ as Lord is evident, and the hope on the advent of our risen Lord sustained. At the Lord's table the heart of the ecclesia adorans is found, but not less the centre of the ecclesia laborans in its missiones and vocationes in the world Wielenga a, The author declares that he has no financial or personal relationship s that may have inappropriately influenced him in writing this article.

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